July 29, 2021

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Top 250+ Technical Software Engineering Interview Questions

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Top Technical Software Engineering Interview Questions TechHyme

Software Engineering is a collection of theories, techniques, and tools which enable humans to design, construct and maintain large software products. It is the setting up and application of sound engineering principles in order to obtain cost-effectively developed, dependable and resourceful software.

The term software engineering encompasses new development, modification, reuse, re-engineering, maintenance, and all other activities resulting in software products. There are different definitions of the software engineering given by the software community, software developers and software development organizations.

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Software Engineering is sometimes considered as a branch of CS (Computer Science) aims to develop principles and rules that lead to improved methods of design and software development at all levels in a manner that meets the needs of users software engineering.

The basic goal of the software engineering is to develop the software that is according to the requirement of the user within the estimation of cost and on time.

Below is the list of top software engineering questions to be asked in an Interview:

Introduction to Software
1 What do you mean by Software?
2 Differentiate between software and hardware.
3 Differentiate between application and system software?
4 What are the various problems occurs with software?
5 Write short note on history and evolution of software.
6 Explain all the types of programming languages in details.
7 Elaborate the importance of software platform.
8 What are software components? Elaborate the working of all the types of software components.
9 Discuss all the characteristics of software.
10 Elaborate the features of software. What are the essential features of good software?
11 Explain the function of
a) Application Software
b) System Software
c) Embedded Software
12 Differentiate between softwares suites and integrated packages.
13 Explain in details all the applications of software.
14 What are the various characteristics of software?
15 What are the different features of good software?
16 What do you mean by software crises? What are the different reasons for software crises?
17 What are the major trends in software? Explain in details.
18 Elaborate all the software challenges.
Introduction to Software Engineering
19 Define and explain the meaning of term “Software Engineering”?
20 How Software Engineering is related to other Engineering discipline?
21 Give different definitions of software engineering?
22 What are the important factors in the emergence of software engineering?
23 What are the objectives or goals of the software engineering?
24 What are the various characteristics of software engineering?
25 Discuss the various principles of software engineering?
26 Give important aspects of software engineering?
27 Give main element of the software engineering?
28 Software engineering is the branch of which field?
29 How software engineering is related following?
a) Operating system
b) Management language
c) Databases
d) Artificial intelligence
30 Write short note on following:
a) Software engineering is management science
b) Software engineering is system engineering
c) Software engineering is computer science
31 Give some important application of software engineering?
32 What are the keys challenges facing software engineering?
33 Explain the nature of software engineering.
34 What are the responsibilities of software engineer?
35 What are the codes of ethics for software engineer?
36 Discuss various software engineering myths?
37 What are the ethical engineer responsibilities of the software engineering?
38 How software engineering evolved?
39 Explain the history of software engineering.
40 What are the various emerging trends of the software engineering?
41 What are the various phases of software engineering?
42 What are the various methods of software engineering?
43 Who control and does the software engineering?
44 Differentiate between software and software engineering.
Software Life Cycle And Software Quality
45 Explain the background of SDLC?
46 What are the various activities of the classic software life cycle?
47 Explain the Software Development Life Cycle?
48 What do you know general life cycle model?
49 What are the various types of software life cycle model? Explain all in detail?
50 Write down all the criteria for the measurement of software quality?
51 Explain the classification of software qualities and representative qualities in details.
Software Process Models
52 Define a Software process? What is its need?
53 What are the various activities of Software process?
54 What is a Software process model? Explain its features?
55 What is the purpose of software life cycle model?
56 Explain the background of SDLC?
57 What are the various activities of the classic software life cycle?
58 Explain the Software Development Life Cycle?
59 What do you know general life cycle model?
60 What are the various types of software life cycle model? Explain all in detail?
61 Explain Build and Fix model. Give its advantages and disadvantages.
62 What do you know about Water fall Model? What are the various types of Waterfall model?
63 Give advantages and disadvantages of Water fall Model?
64 What are the different phases of Waterfall life cycle?
65 Explain V-shaped Model with its phases, advantages and disadvantages?
66 What do you know about iterative life cycle models? Write down all the phases of this model. Give its advantages and disadvantages?
67 What is the role of incremental model? Write down all the advantages and disadvantages of this model?
68 Explain the sprial model with its advantages and disadvantages?
69 How Evolutionary Model works. Also write down all the advantages and disadvantages of this model?
70 What is role of Prototype Model in the software development? Give Its advantages and disadvantages?
71 Differentiate between Exploratory development model and throwaway model?
72 What do you mean by Object-oriented life cycle model? Give its advantages and disadvantages?
73 What do you mean by Object-oriented and prototyping life cycle model? Give its advantages and disadvantages?
74 How RAD model works. Give its advantages and disadvantages?
75 Explain Component Assembly model. Give its advantages and disadvantages?
Management of Software Engineering
76 What do you know about software project management?
77 Explain all the goals of the software project management?
78 What are the various objectives of software project management?
79 Differentiate between software engineering product and other engineering product?
80 What are the various principles of software project management?
81 Explain all the laws of the project management?
82 What are the various difficulties occurs in the software project management?
83 What do you mean by Project scheduling?
84 Write note on milestones in the project scheduling?
85 What do you mean by scheduling?
86 Differentiate between scheduling and project scheduling?
87 What do you mean by CMM? Explain it in detail?
88 What are the various levels of CMM?
89 What are the various praises of CMM?
90 What are the different criticisms of the CMM?
91 Which one is the best beneficial element of CMM at the level 2 and level 3?
92 What do you know about personal software process?
93 How can you measure the performance of software process?
94 What are the various advantages of personal software process?
95 What do you know about earned value analysis? What is the need of earned value analysis? Write down its measurer?
96 Explain all the practice for the software project management?
97 What do you know about error tracking? Give its advantages?
98 What do you mean by Postmortem reviews? Also write down all the advantages?
99 What are the various management Functions?
100 What are the various activities of project management?
101 Explain all the software related activities?
102 What are the different desirable properties of software development? What do you know about project planning?
103 Write down all the criteria for the measurement of software quality?
104 Explain all the fundamentals of software project planning in details.
105 What are the major components of project planning?
106 Elaborate all the steps of project planning.
107 What is project scheduling? Explain the importance of scheduling in software project management?
108 What is cost engineering? Explain all cost estimation techniques.
109 What is quality assurance plan? Explain its importance and major characteristics with examples.
110 What is WBS? How it is important is software project management?
111 Explain the PERT and CPM techniques in details.
112 Explain the change management process in details.
Requirement Analysis
113 What is the requirement of software analysis and specification?
114 What are the various types of requirement for the software specification?
115 What are the different elements of requirement for the software development?
116 What are the various objectives of the requirement?
117 What are the various characteristics of the requirement?
118 What do you know about SRS?
119 Write down all the objectives of SRS document?
120 What are the different attributes of SRS document?
121 Write down all the characteristics of a SRS document?
122 What are the various component of SRS document?
123 Explain the requirement Analysis in detail?
124 Explain the general problem?
125 Write note on stakeholder issue and developer issue?
126 What are the various goals of SRS document?
127 What is the role of technical writer?
128 What are the various kinds of SRS information?
129 What do you know about SRS template?
Design and Software Architecture
130 What do you mean Software design?
131 What are the various objectives of Software design?
132 Explain all the software design Principles?
133 What do you know about problem partition?
134 What do you divide and conquer?
135 What is abstraction? Explain all the types of abstraction?
136 What is software design strategy?
137 Explain the software design methodology?
138 Explain about the design specification?
139 How design process works?
140 What are the various elements of good software design?
141 Differentiate between good and bad software design?
142 What are the various aspects of good software design?
143 What are the different concepts occurs in the software design?
144 What are the various software design criteria?
145 Explain the top down and bottom up approach?
146 Explain the structured design?
147 What are the various objectives of structured design?
148 Explain the structured analysis and design methodology?
149 Explain the structured chart with its features and types?
150 Write down all the tools for the structured analysis and design in detail?
151 Explain the DFD with its symbols, features and working with an appropriate example?
152 Explain the context diagram?
153 What do you mean by event list?
154 What do you know about data dictionary?
155 What do you know about E-R Diagrams?
156 What are the various keys used in relation?
157 Explain the sate transition diagram?
158 Explain the decision tree? How can you create a decision tree?
159 What do you mean by decision table? How it works?
160 What is structured English or pseudo code?
161 How structured chart is designed?
162 What do you know about design review?
163 What do you know about automated cross checking?
164 What is metric?
165 What are the various software metrics in the software design?
166 What is the role of total number of modules in the software design?
167 How number of parameter plays role in the metrics?
168 How can you verify the software design?
169 How can you validate the software design?
170 Differentiate between verification and validation?
Object Oriented Design
171 What do you know about object oriented analysis and design?
172 Explain the model of real world in OODAD?
173 What are the various salient features of this approach?
174 What do you know about object oriented programming?
175 Differentiate between procedures oriented and object oriented approach?
176 What is object oriented design?
177 What are the various steps involved in OOD?
178 Explain the term objects in detail?
179 Explain the term class in detail?
180 Give the relationship of objects with classes?
181 What are the various links and associates of Object and classes?
182 What do you know about abstraction?
183 What are the various types of abstraction?
184 What do you know about abstract data type (ADT)?
185 What is the role of polymorphism in the OODAD?
186 What do you know about data hiding?
187 Explain the concept of inheritance?
188 What do you know about Dynamic binding?
189 Why message passing is used?
190 Explain the concept of reusability in the Object oriented approach?
191 How can you make a good object oriented design?
192 What are the various benefits of Object oriented design?
Coding
193 What do you mean by programming/coding? What are its goals?
194 Are the different approaches in programming?
195 Give do’s and don’ts of programming style?
196 What are the roles of programmer in programming/coding?
197 What are programming/coding standard? Give their advantages?
198 What do you means by programming/coding conventions? Give various programming/coding conventions in programming style?
199 Explain the various program style aids?
200 Discuss the different program guidelines for the programmer.
201 Write short note of following:
a) Understandability
b) Transportability
c) Modifiability
202 Give the importance of programming style?
203 What is the importance of the programming/coding in software development life cycle?
204 What do you know about information hiding?
205 What is the role of internal documentation?
206 What do you know about structured programming?
Verification and Validation
207 What is testing? Discuss the role of testing in software development?
208 Distinguish among error fault and failure? What are the objectives of software testing?
209 What is the difference between verification & validation?
210 Discuss the various principles of software?
211 Explain various testing strategies?
212 Discuss different types of faults in testing?
213 What do you understand by testability & usability? Give importance of testing in software development?
214 Distinguish between software validation and software verification.
215 Discuss the black box testing? What is the difference between black box testing and white box testing?
216 Give characteristics of good test? Describe various testing fundamentals?
217 Who should perform the validation test developer or users?
218 What are the different levels of testing? Discuss the unit testing, integration testing and system testing in detail?
219 What is the different between unit testing and system testing?
220 Explain test management concept in detail? Develop a test plan for your term project?
221 What do you understand by term system testing? What are the different kinds of system testing that are performed can large software project?
222 Design black box test for a program that solves simultaneous equation of up to 50 variables?
223 What is path testing? Why is path testing is usually impractical?
224 What are the different steps of software testing? Give different activities in software testing?
225 What do you understand by data flow testing? Explain graphs matrixes in detail?
226 Discuss the top-down integration strategy?
227 What is cyclamates complexity? What is regression testing? Why is regression testing necessary?
228 Give advantages and disadvantages as big-bang integration testing?
229 Different all the top-down and bottom-up strategy? In which situation the big bang testing is desirable?
230 What is the goal of software testing? Give difference between alpha and beta test?
231 Define reliability testing? Give its different types?
Software Maintenance
232 What is Software maintenance? Explain its major features in details.
233 Explain the nature of maintenance with the help of examples.
234 What are the different types of software maintenance techniques?
235 Explain all maintenance problems.
236 Explain all the maintenance techniques and tools.
237 Elaborate the role of maintenance in software development methods.
Software Reengineering
238 What is software reengineering? Give its history?
239 What are the various re-engineering advantages?
240 Discuss the Reverse Engineering and Forward Reengineering?
241 What are the various reverse re-engineering reasons?
242 What are the various advantages and disadvantages of reverse engineering?
243 What do you know about clean room reverse engineering?
244 What do you know about dirty room reverse engineering?
245 What do you know about stricty clean room reverse engineering?
246 What are the various factors of forward engineering? What are the various goals of reverse engineering?
247 What are the various re-engineering techniques? Why to measure re-engineering software?
248 What the various cost estimation objectives?
249 What are the various metrics for reverse engineering? Explain software re-engineering process.
250 What do you know about the Analysis and Redesign of Software Reengineering?
251 Differences between Design Patterns and Reengineering Patterns.
252 Give the various benefits of the Reengineering Pattern Approach?
253 List the various tools used in software Reengineering?
254 What do you know about software reuse?
255 What components must be reusable?
256 Why software is reusable?
257 Explain the evolution of reuse approach?
258 What are the various types of reuse?
259 Explain the reuse cost?
260 What are the various necessary tools required for change?
261 What are the various reuse advantages?
262 What do you know about the reusable libraries?
263 Write note on following
a) Late Engineering
b) Pattern Navigation
264 Discuss the standard methodology used in Software Reengineering Project.

 

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